Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease (and Chronic Lyme Disease or CLD) is the most common tick-borne disease in the United States. In 2013, more than 36,000 cases were reported, with some 27,000 confirmed with Lyme Disease. Common signs and symptoms of Lyme disease begin about one week after an individual is bitten by an infected tick. Immediate signs of infection include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint aches, and swollen lymph nodes. Up to 80% of infected individuals report a “bulls-eye,” a reddish rash on the skin surrounding the bite that further spreads in a circle around the bite area. This condition appears within three to 30 days after the bite. If left untreated, Lyme Disease can produce a number of clinical signs and symptoms that can persist for weeks, months or years after the initial infection.

The first stage of untreated Lyme Disease involves neurologic and cardiologic issues such as meningitis, encephalitis, peripheral neuropathy; facial or Bell’s palsy, myocarditis, heart palpitations heart arrhythmias, and cardiomyopathy. The second stage may include arthritis with severe swelling, severe joint pain, myalgia or muscle pain, and swollen or enlarged lymph nodes. Last, the term Chronic Lyme Disease [CLD] has been coined by patient advocacy groups to describe patients who reported persisting symptoms years after the initial bite infection treatment, including fatigue, sleep impairment, muscle pain, joint pain, depression, memory loss, cognitive impairment, nerve pain, and headaches.

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Review of treatment options for lyme borreliosis.

Abstract: Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease) is the most common tick-borne bacterial infection and the incidence is increasing in parts of Europe and the USA. Prompt antimicrobial therapy using oral agents such as doxycycline or amoxicillin is successful among more than…

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