Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for Alzheimer’s dementia with positron emission tomography imaging: a case report.

A 58-year-old female was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s dementia (AD) which was rapidly progressive in the 8 months prior to initiation of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) brain imaging demonstrated global and typical metabolic deficits in AD (posterior temporal-parietal watershed and cingulate areas). An 8-week course of HBOT reversed the patient’s symptomatic decline. Repeat PET imaging demonstrated a corresponding 6.5-38% regional and global increase in brain metabolism, including increased metabolism in the typical AD diagnostic areas of the brain.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer’s Disease.

Recent studies indicate that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), a well-established therapy for decompression illness, could be a potential therapy for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, due to oxygen toxicity i.e., increased oxidative stress implicated in HBOT, the risk and benefit of HBOT for AD patients need to be further assessed clinically.