Carbon monoxide poisoning is the most commonly seen cause of poisoning in the emergency room (ER). The high affinity between carbon monoxide and hemoglobin and their complex biological characteristics greatly increase the risks of cardiac, nervous, muscular, and kidney diseases. In severe cases, patients may lose consciousness or die in just a few minutes. In recent years, hyperbaric oxygen therapy has been applied extensively in patients with severe conditions such as carbon monoxide poisoning and cerebral hypoxia. Hyperbaric oxygen accelerates the decomposition of carbon monoxide in hemoprotein. Therefore, treating patients with similar conditions in the ER with hyperbaric oxygen as soon as possible will improve their cognitive disorder and postpone their neuropsychological sequelae. ER nurses typically play a decisive role in saving patients with carbon monoxide poisoning. This research scrutinizes a case analysis of using hyperbaric oxygen to treat carbon monoxide poisoning and offers general rules for the use of hyperbaric oxygen. Further, the research elaborates from the perspective of ER nursing staffs the management and care of acute carbon monoxide poisoning and hyperbaric oxygen therapy nursing care. The aim of this research is to offer references for members of the ER nursing team and to enable this team to provide accurate and effective medical measures to patients during the "golden hours" of nursing care. Achieving this will help ensure that patients receive comprehensive nursing and care, thus reducing the harm suffered by patients and increasing the rate of survival.
Kuo, Hsu, Tsai, Chieh (2018). [Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning]. Hu li za zhi The journal of nursing, 2018 Aug;65(4):11-17. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30066318