Pulmonary edema following hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy is a rare clinical phenomenon. This case report describes such a patient – a 56-year-old woman who suffered from severe pulmonary edema after HBO₂ therapy for carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. Patient experienced ecphysesis and dyspnea suddenly after HBO₂ therapy (100% oxygen at 0.25 MPa, for 60 minutes with a five-minute air break and decompression at 0.01 MPa/minute). Post therapy her heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), respiratory rate (RR) and oxygen saturation (SO₂) were 140 bpm, 60/40 mmHg, 38 bpm and 84%, respectively. Diagnoses of acute pulmonary edema and shock were made. Various treatments including antishock, tracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation for respiratory support, a diuretic, dexamethasone, asthma relief, and acidosis correction were administered. Pulmonary computed tomography (CT) indicated significant pulmonary edema. Due to active treatment, the patient showed gradual improvement. Pulmonary CT re-examination showed pulmonary edema markedly improved. At the two-year follow-up, the patient reported no abnormal mental or neurological symptoms. Acute pulmonary edema is rare but can lead to serious side effects of HBO₂ therapy in patients with severe acute CO poisoning. This complication must be must considered when administering HBO₂ therapy to patients with severe CO poisoning.

Fan, Lv, Hu, Pan, , , , , (). Severe pulmonary edema following hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute carbon monoxide poisoning: a case report and clinical experience. Undersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc, ;44(3):287-291. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28779586