Symptoms of neurological decompression incidents (DCS/AGE) can be severe or mild. It is unknown if these differences of symptom presentation represent different clinical entities or if they represent just the spectrum of DCS/AGE. 267 cases with DCS/AGE were compared retrospectively and classified into two subgroups, the Type A-DCS/AGE for cases with a severe and often stroke-like symptomatology and the Type B-DCS/AGE for those with milder and sometimes even doubtful neurological symptoms. The main outcome measures were the number of hyperbaric treatments (HTs) needed and the clinical outcome. 42 patients with DCS/AGE were classified as Type A- and 225 patients met the criteria for a Type B-DCS/AGE. Patients with Type A-lesions were more severely affected, needed more hyperbaric treatments and had a less favorable outcome than patients with the Type B-variant. The Type A- and the Type B-DCS/AGE are likely to be different entities with better clinical outcome in the Type B-variant and possibly significant differences in the underlying pathophysiologies of both variants. Future studies with a particular focus on the up to now inadequately investigated Type B-DCS/AGE are necessary to elucidate such differences in the pathophysiology.
Koch, Wegner-Bröse, Warninghoff, Deuschl, , , , , (). Viewpoint: the type A- and the type B-variants of Decompression Sickness. Undersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc, ;35(2):91-7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18500073