Worldwide, diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) continue to exact a major burden on patients and health care providers. Although hyperbaric oxygen therapy is well-known as an adjunct option, less is known about the efficacy of transdermal continuous oxygen therapy (TCOT). A prospective, randomized, blinded, multicenter, parallel study was conducted from October 2009 to November 2012 to evaluate healing time and the proportion of DFUs healed after 12 weeks of moist wound therapy (MWT) with or without TCOT. Study participants (persons with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and a nonhealing [>1-month but <1-year duration], 1 cm² to 10 cm² in area, infection-free DFU) were randomized to TCOT or a sham device (control) in addition to receiving MWT. TCOT treatment consisted of continuous administration of 98+% oxygen to the wound site using a 15-day device with dressings changed every 3 to 7 days per care plan or more often when clinically required. Potential participants completed demographic and clinical screening and wound and laboratory evaluations at baseline, and wound evaluations, evaluation of adverse events, debridement, and treatment once weekly until the wound healed or up to 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was defined as complete wound closure by week 12. Wound measurements were made utilizing acetate tracings. Original tracings were collected at approximately 6-week intervals and analyzed upon study closure. Data were collected via paper Case Report Forms and entered into an electronic database after the patient's final visit. Statistical analysis was performed on datasets exported from the electronic database. Wound measurement data were analyzed using chi-squared. Time to complete closure was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier analysis in conjunction with the log-rank test. Of the 130 potential participants, 8 with protocol violations were excluded from analysis. In the intent-to-treat (ITT) population (N = 122, average age 59 years [range 28-85 years]), the majority were male (74%), Caucasian (81%), and had a plantar ulcer (76%). Mean baseline wound area was 2.3 ± 1.7 cm² (range 0.4-8.9 cm2) and 2.0 ± 1.7 cm² (range 0.6-8.7 cm²) in the control and TCOT groups, respectively. HbA1c (%) was 7.9 ± 1.7 in the control and 8.0 ± 1.7 in the treatment group. In the TCOT group, 35 of 65 (54%) wounds healed compared to 31 of 63 (49%) in the control arm (P = .4167). In the per-protocol population (PP) (ie, patients without protocol violations), 34 of 61 wounds (56%) in the TCOT group and 31 of 61 (49%) in the control group healed. In the ≥65 years PP subgroup, 14 of 17 (82%) in the TCOT and 8 of 16 (50%) in the control arm healed (P = .049). Median time to complete closure in the PP group was 63 days for the TCOT and 77 days for the control group (P >.05). No device-related serious adverse events occurred in either group. Wound outcomes of patients in both groups were good, but the TCOT device did not appear to offer added benefit over moist wound healing treatment and offloading to facilitate the healing of small, nonsevere diabetic foot ulcers of relatively healthy patients. The data suggest the device may offer a greater benefit to older patients. Studies including a more diverse and larger sample patient population are warranted.
Driver, Reyzelman, Kawalec, French, , , , , (2017). A Prospective, Randomized, Blinded, Controlled Trial Comparing Transdermal Continuous Oxygen Delivery to Moist Wound Therapy for the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers. Ostomy/wound management, 2017 Apr;63(4):12-28. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28448266