Rubber band ligation of hemorrhoids has had a low incidence of complications until recently, when five deaths resulted from bacterial septicemia or toxemia. The case presented describes a severe soft-tissue infection following banding successfully treated with antibiotics, surgical debridement, and hyperbaric oxygen.

Wechter, Luna, , , , , , , (1987). An unusual complication of rubber band ligation of hemorrhoids. Diseases of the colon and rectum, 1987 Feb;30(2):137-40. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3803121