The etiological pattern of non-clostridial anaerobic infection, its natural history and drug therapy in patients with its various types were studied and analyzed at the Surgery Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. Peritonitis and cholangitis were examined in detail. Multimodality treatment of patients with acute peritonitis caused by a combination of aerobic and anaerobic pathogens by using hyperbaric oxygenation and therapy with directly acting antibiotics was found to enhance its efficiency, decrease therapy duration, prevent inflammation progression, and reduce mortality rates from 25.64 to 8.8%. The application to the techniques of preliminary decompression and the developed regimens of antibacterial therapy and hyperbaric oxygenation in the multimodality treatment for suppurative cholangitis noticeably yielded better therapeutical results, reduced mortality rates from 5.7 to 0% and these patients’ hospital stay.

Bogomolova, Bol’shakov, , , , , , , (1996). [Anaerobic infection in abdominal surgery].¬†Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii meditsinskikh nauk, 1996 ;(2):30-3.¬†https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8653048