Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an ocular emergency and most of the cases present with painless sudden persistent loss of vision in the range of counting fingers to perception of light. The presentation of CRAO is associated with a variety of medical conditions. We report a rare case of CRAO associated with persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) and single atrium in a female patient. A 23-year-old woman was admitted due to sudden painless visual loss in the left eye. On examination visual acuity of light-perception was noted in the left eye with a left relative afferent pupillary defect. Fundoscopic examination revealed retinal ischemic whitening, constriction of the arteriole and venule with segmentation and typical "cherry-red spot" suggesting CRAO. The patient was treated with ocular massage and anterior chamber paracentesis. She was commenced on 150 mg of aspirin and also received hyperbaric oxygen therapy. An echocardiogram revealed PTA and single atrium. A diagnosis of CRAO associated with PTA and single atrium was made. The ophthalmologist should enquire about congenital and acquired cardiac abnormalities in patients with CRAO and consider such abnormalities to be possible sources of emboli.
Lu, Wang, Zhou, Hao, Liang, Li, Hui, , (2015). Central retinal artery occlusion associated with persistent truncus arteriosus and single atrium: a case report. BMC ophthalmology, 2015 Oct;15():137. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26481874