Common three-dimensional (3D)-printed anatomic templates have generally been used to reconstruct the pelvis after zone II and III borderline pelvic tumor resection. However, gradual increases in postoperative implant complications and the tumor recurrence rate have been observed. This study aimed to introduce the innovative application of a modified 3D-printed anatomic template with a customized cutting block for pelvic reconstruction and to comparatively analyze the common and modified 3D-printed anatomic templates. A total of 38 patients were included in this study and were allocated to 2 groups (19 patients/group). Group A received innovative therapy, and Group B received traditional therapy. All patients were questioned in detail about age, location, and duration of the mass and associated symptoms, and routine blood tests, such as serological tests, were administered. We found that the modified 3D-printed anatomic template with a customized cutting block resulted in a shorter operating time, smaller bleeding loss, and simpler operation than the common 3D-printed anatomic template. Additionally, the tumor recurrence rate was lower and the accuracy of tumor resection was much greater for the modified 3D-printed anatomic template with a customized cutting block. However, compared with the traditional therapy, the innovative therapy had a significantly higher rate of implant loosening. The innovative therapy can increase surgical safety and reduce recurrence after tumor resection relative to the traditional therapy. Additionally, the innovative therapy reconstructs the pelvis of zone III to improve the quality of patient life. However, the innovative therapy with implant loosening should be improved.

Liu, Liu, Lu, Liao, Du, Deng, Lu (2019). Combined Application of Modified Three-Dimensional Printed Anatomic Templates and Customized Cutting Blocks in Pelvic Reconstruction After Pelvic Tumor Resection. The Journal of arthroplasty, 2019 Feb;34(2):338-345.e1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30497901