Computed tomographic (CT) scans of ten patients with rhinocerebral mucormycosis were reviewed. Early paranasal sinus involvement appeared as mucosal thickening on CT scans, usually without air/fluid levels. Recognition as mucormycosis was facilitated by knowledge of the clinical setting or by identification of invasive disease. Evidence of bone destruction on CT scans was seen in only two patients, was a late finding, and usually was absent despite deep extension of disease beyond the bony confines of the paranasal sinus. Five cases had intracranial involvement, either as fungal abscess or infarction. Intracranial mucormycosis usually involved the base of the brain and cerebellum following invasion of the infratemporal fossa or orbit. Intracerebral fungal abscess appeared as low-density masses on CT scans, with variable peripheral enhancement and little surrounding vasogenic edema. Identification of a rim of spared cortex was useful in distinguishing infection from bland infarct. Serial CT scans were also useful in assessing response to hyperbaric oxygen treatment, surgery, and chemotherapy.
Gamba, Woodruff, Djang, Yeates, , , , , (1986). Craniofacial mucormycosis: assessment with CT. Radiology, 1986 Jul;160(1):207-12. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3715034