The contents of oxygen free radicals (OFRs) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in S-180 sarcoma tissues were measured in four groups of mice: an untreated normoxic group, a normoxic hyperbaric group, a hyperbaric oxygen group, and an HBO group treated with superoxide dismutase (SOD). Measurements were done by electron resonance and spectrophotometry, and observations were made on the volume, weight, necrosis incidence rate of sarcoma tissues, and mortality in all groups. The OFR and MDA content in sarcoma tissues in the HBO group was significantly higher than those of the control groups (P < 0.001); necrosis incidence of sarcoma tissues and the survival rate of mice were higher; the time required for necrosis was shorter, and the volume and weight of sarcoma tissues were smaller and lighter than those of the control groups (P < 0.01). The results suggest that SOD cannot completely eliminate OFRs produced by hyperbaric exposure, although the role of HBO in producing more OFRs can be counterbalanced by SOD to a certain degree. Apparently HBO can check the growth rate of sarcoma and accelerate the necrosis of S-180 sarcoma cells. Lian, Hang, Yan, Chen, Ni, Lu, Liu, Liu, (1995). Effects of hyperbaric oxygen on S-180 sarcoma in mice. Undersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc, 1995 Jun;22(2):153-60. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7633277