Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) is widely used in clinical settings for many disease treatments. To investigate the potential effects of hyperbaric oxygen on patients with slow coronary flow (SCF) we retrospectively analyzed 98 patients who were diagnosed with SCF by coronary artery angiography. Of these, 50 patients received conventional treatment only (control group; the other 48 patients received hyperbaric oxygen treatment for four weeks in addition to the routine therapy (HBO2 group). By using gated myocardial perfusion tomography examination before and after treatment, we observed that 71 out of 148 (47.9%) subsegments of injured myocardium improved in the control group, while 108 out of 151 (71.5%) subsegments of injured myocardium improved in the HBO2 group (P ⟨ 0.05). Furthermore, the peak filling rate (PFR), time of peak filling rate (TPFR) and mean filling rate during the first one-third of the filling time (MFR/3) were all significantly improved in HBO2-treated patients compared to those who received conventional treatment only. However, we did not detect any significant effects of only treatment on left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end systolic volume (LVESV), nor on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Our results indicate that hyperbaric oxygen therapy can be a beneficial and effective medication to improve myocardial perfusion and left ventricular diastolic function in SCF patients.

Li, Zhang, Hao, Liang, Wei, Xu, Wang (2018). Evaluation of hyperbaric oxygen effects on slow coronary flow patients using gated myocardial perfusion imaging tomography. Undersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc, ;45(4):403-409. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30241119