The aim of this paper is to explore the current theories about pretreatment assessment and dental management of patients receiving head and neck radiotherapy, and the therapeutic options to treat osteoradionecrosis of the jaws, based on the literature review. Osteoradionecrosis is one of the most serious oral complications of head and neck cancer treatment. Osteoradionecrosis is a severe delayed radiation-induced injury, characterized by bone tissue necrosis and failure to heal. Osteoradionecrosis either stabilizes or gradually worsens and is notoriously difficult to manage. Because most cases occur in patients who were dentulous in the mandible at tumor onset, proper dental management is the single most important factor in prevention. Complete dental clearance before treatment is no longer necessary. Controversy exists regarding the management of osteoradionecrosis of the maxillofacial skeleton because of the variability of this condition. The treatment of osteoradionecrosis has included local wound care, antibiotic therapy, surgical procedures, and the administration of hyperbaric oxygenation. Recently, new methods of treatment were introduced, according to the new theory about its pathophysiology.

Chrcanovic, Reher, Sousa, Harris, , , , , (2010). Osteoradionecrosis of the jaws–a current overview–Part 2: dental management and therapeutic options for treatment. Oral and maxillofacial surgery, 2010 Jun;14(2):81-95. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20145963