To investigate the latest development in diagnosis and treatment of the injury to the peripheral nerve. The literature at home and abroad was reviewed, and the research findings with clinical experience in diagnosis and treatment for the injury to the peripheral nerve were summarized. The treatment for the total brachial plexus avulsion injury was successfully performed by the extra-plexus nerve transfer. The avulsion of the brachial plexus could be directly repaired by the healthy C7 nerve root transfer through the anterior spinal approach. The forearm flexors could be reinforced by the neurovascularized gracilis transplantation. MRI and CTM were the best methods of early diagnosis for the brachial plexus injury. The pure upper or lower root avulsion of the brachial plexus injuries could be repaired by the intra-plexus nerve transfer, which involved a transfer of part of the ulnar nerve in the arm to the motor nerve of the biceps for C5-C6 avulsion of the brachial plexus,and a transfer of selective fascicles of the healthy C7 nerve root or brachial muscle branch to the flexors muscle fascicles of the median nerve or anterior interosseous nerve. The thoracic outlet syndrome always occurred in this position when the neck muscle fatigue occurred in the typists or the game-players after their longstanding looking forwards. The C5 and C6 roots were rolled by the tendenofibrotic tissue at the origin of the scalenus. After a procaine block, the symptom subsided. Radiation neuropathy was a series of pathological changes caused by overdoses of the radiation therapy. The pathologic findings consisted of a series of vessel damages and final coagulation necrosis, which induced clusters of abnormally-dilated, thin-walled telangiectasias. Radiation neuropathy could be detected by MRI and could be differentiated from tumor. Once the diagnosis was established, the therapy should be begun early, including the systemic use of steroids, anticoagulation, and hyperbaric oxygen. Great progress has been made in diagnosis and treatment of the injury to the peripheral nerve, but a further study should be performed to promote regeneration of the nerves and reconstruction of the related functions.

Zhu, , , , , , , , (2006). [Recent progress in diagnosis and treatment of the injury to the peripheral nerve]. Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery, 2006 Apr;20(4):319-23. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16683422