The clinical manifestation of decompression disorders is highly variable, ranging from mild rashes or joint pains to central nervous system symptoms like scotomata, paralysis and death. The diagnosis is easily overlooked, especially if an occupational history is not obtained. Recompression treatment with hyperbaric oxygen is the specific treatment for decompression sickness and air embolism. Prompt recognition and treatment are vital to recovery. However, there is a place for treatment of decompression disorders and embolism even when significant delay of up to 14 days has occurred. This case report discusses decompression disorders in relation to an unskilled fisherman diver who present with retinal artery occlusion. Decompression disorder leading to retinal artery occlusion is a very rare presentation. The difficulty of diagnosis is discussed as well as the result of delayed hyperbaric treatment.

Hsu, Wong, How, Tan, Tan, , , , (1992). Retinal artery occlusion in a diver. Singapore medical journal, 1992 Jun;33(3):299-301. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1631595