Hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO), in addition to anti-infective and surgical therapy, seems to be a key treatment point for Fournier’s gangrene. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of HBO therapy on the outcome and prognosis of Fournier’s gangrene. In the present multicenter, retrospective observational study, we evaluated the data of approximately 62 patients diagnosed with Fournier’s gangrene between 2007 and 2017. For comparison, 2 groups were distinguished: patients without HBO therapy (group A, n = 45) and patients with HBO therapy (group B, n = 17). The analysis included sex, age, comorbidities, clinical symptoms, laboratory and microbiological data, debridement frequency, wound dressing, antibiotic use, outcome and prognosis. The statistical analysis was performed with GraphPad Prism 7® (GraphPad Software, Inc., La Jolla, USA). Demographic data showed no significant differences. The laboratory parameters C-reactive protein and urea were significantly higher in group B (group B: 301.7 vs. 140.6 mg/dL; group A: 124.8 vs. 54.7 mg/dL). Sepsis criteria were fulfilled in 77.8 and 100% of the patients in groups A and B respectively. Treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU) was therefore indicated in 69% of the patients in group A and 100% of the patients in group B. The mean ICU stay was 9 and 32 days for patients in groups A and B respectively. The wound debridement frequency and hospitalization stay were significantly greater in group B (13 vs. 5 debridement and 40 vs. 22 days). Initial antibiosis was test validated in 80% of the patients in group A and 76.5% of the patients in group B. Mortality was 0% in group B and 4.4% in the group A. The positive influence of HBO on the treatment of Fournier’s gangrene can be estimated only from the available data. Despite poorer baseline findings with comparable risk factors, mortality was 0% in the HBO group. The analysis of a larger patient cohort is desirable to increase the significance of the results.

Anheuser, Mühlstädt, Kranz, Schneidewind, Steffens, Fornara, , , (2018). Significance of Hyperbaric Oxygenation in the Treatment of Fournier’s Gangrene: A Comparative Study. Urologia internationalis, 2018 ;101(4):467-471. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30326483