Anaerobic necrotizing soft tissue infections are known for their devastating effects of tissue destruction and death. These infections may occur as a result of trauma, surgical intervention or occur spontaneously in predisposed individuals. They are caused by a wide range of anaerobic organisms and may be categorised according to the tissue involvement as Necrotizing Fasciitis and Myonecrosis. A five year review of patients admitted for hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy and requiring intensive care revealed a patient group numbering 25, roughly equally divided between the two classifications of tissue involvement. Trauma was an aetiological factor in 5 of these cases. Cancer and diabetes mellitus were also prominent aetiological factors. Treatment consisted of the triad of early selective/aggressive surgery, high dose antibiotic therapy and HBO therapy. The mortality of the group was 25%. Delay in treatment was associated with increased mortality. Nursing care, for this particular patient group is demanding, requiring particular attention to wound care, analgesia, transport, psychosocial care of patient with mutilating wounds, nutrition and temperature homeostasis. It is a cause for concern that two cases occurred after elective orthopaedic procedures requiring the application of plaster of paris (POP) cast over a leg.

Skacel, Boyle, , , , , , , (1992). A five year review of anaerobic, necrotizing soft tissue infections: a nursing perspective. Australian critical care : official journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses, 1992 Dec;5(4):15-7, 18-20. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1290888