The presence of radioresistant hypoxic cells in tumors is believed to be one of the limiting factors in achieving local tumor control by radiotherapy. Treatment with hyperbaric oxygen during irradiation has been shown to improve the radiation response of many solid tumors in rodents and of some tumors in patients. Intravenous administration of perfluorochemical emulsions combined with oxygen breathing at atmospheric pressure has also been shown to improve the radiation response of several rodent tumors. Theoretical considerations suggest that the combination of a perfluorochemical emulsion and hyperbaric oxygen should be significantly more effective than either agent alone. This hypothesis was tested by examining the radiation response of BA1112 rhabdomyosarcomas growing in WAG/rij-Y rats. Treatment with a perfluorochemical emulsion, Fluosol-DA, plus hyperbaric oxygen (3 Atmospheres O2) significantly increased the radiation response of the malignant cells in these solid tumors. The observed changes in the tumor cell survival curve suggest that the combination of Fluosol-DA and HBO decreases the proportion of severely hypoxic cells in the tumor to less than 1.5% of the original value. The effect of the Fluosol-DA dose and the duration of pretreatment with HBO are described.
Martin, Porter, Rockwell, Fischer, , , , , (1987). Enhancement of tumor radiation response by the combination of a perfluorochemical emulsion and hyperbaric oxygen. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 1987 May;13(5):747-51. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3570898