Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem in the United States. Survivors of TBI are often left with significant cognitive, behavioral, and communicative disabilities. So far there is no effective treatment/intervention in the daily clinical practice for TBI patients. The protective effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) have been proved in stroke; however, its efficiency in TBI remains controversial. In this review, we will summarize the results of HBOT in experimental and clinical TBI, elaborate the mechanisms, and bring out our current understanding and opinions for future studies.

Q. Hu, A. Manaenko, T. Xu, Z. Guo, J. Tang, J. Zhang (2016). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury: bench-to-bedside. Medical gas research, 2016;6(2):102-110. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27867476