Spinal cord injury (SCI) may result from decompression sickness associated with sport and commercial diving. Decompression sickness is caused by the formation of gas bubbles in the vessels and tissues secondary to a reduction in ambient pressure. A complete or incomplete spinal cord injury may result from decompression sickness. Recompression and hyperbaric oxygen therapy is the primary treatment. The use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) as a treatment for these injuries can greatly influence the patient’s outcome. Early intervention in a recompression chamber may result in complete recovery. If treatment is delayed however, the prognosis for recovery is poor.

Gertsch-Lapcevic, Guin, Butler, Ryan, , , , , (1991). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy: treatment for spinal cord decompression sickness. SCI nursing : a publication of the American Association of Spinal Cord Injury Nurses, 1991 Dec;8(4):97-101. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1767278