Spinal Cord Injury patients are liable to develop osteomyelitis mostly by extension from pressure ulcers. In 2055 records reviewed in the Long Beach Spinal Cord Injury Service of the Veterans Administration Medical Center, the incidence was found to be 4.3 per cent. Of these osteomyelitis developed secondary to pressure ulcers in 88 per cent, the rest developed as a result of trauma and/or surgery. Forty-four patients manifesting chronic osteomyelitis were treated in a monoplace hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) chamber, in addition to receiving antibiotic and surgical treatment. HBO was found useful as an adjunct to help to resolve the bone infection and encourage wound healing. Two-thirds of the patients were cured, and the follow-up was from 6 months to 9 years. We believe that HBO is a useful adjunctive therapeutic measure in the management of chronic osteomyelitis in the spinal cord injured and in the prevention of its complications.

Eltorai, Hart, Strauss, , , , , , (1984). Osteomyelitis in the spinal cord injured: a review and a preliminary report on the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Paraplegia, 1984 Feb;22(1):17-24. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6718044