The effect of hyperthermia on the size of hypoxic and chronically hypoxic cell fractions in murine tumors was studied. The chronically hypoxic cell fraction was defined as a fraction of tumor cells which were not oxygenated under hyperbaric oxygen. Animals were C3Hf/Sed mice derived from our defined flora mouse colony. Tumors were FSa-II and MCa which were early generation isotransplants of a spontaneous fibrosarcoma and a mammary carcinoma, respectively. TCD50 (50% tumor control dose) or the radiation dose which yields a local tumor control in half the treated animals and TG (tumor growth) time or the time required for half the treated tumors to reach 1000 mm3 from the first treatment day were experimental end points. Hyperthermia was given by immersing animal feet into a water bath maintained at 43.5 +/- 0.1 degrees C. Animal tumors were irradiated with a 137Cs unit under hypoxic conditions, in air or under O2 30 psi. The hypoxic cell fraction increased immediately after hyperthermia in both MCa and FSa-II tumors. The chronically hypoxic cell fraction was, on the other hand, decreased following hyperthermia. The decrease was more substantial in the MCa than in FSa-II.

Urano, Kahn, , , , , , , (1983). The change in hypoxic and chronically hypoxic cell fraction in murine tumors treated with hyperthermia. Radiation research, 1983 Dec;96(3):549-59. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6657921